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Flashcards: Barron's SAT words


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abase (V.)

Định nghĩa:
lower; humiliate.
Ví dụ:
  • Defeated, Queen Zenobia was forced to abase herself before the conquering Romans, who forced her to march before the emperor Aurelian in the procession celebrating his triumph.

abate (V.) /əˈbeɪt/

Định nghĩa:
subside; decrease; lessen.
Ví dụ:
  • Rather than leaving immediately, they waited for the storm to abate.

abdicate (V.) /ˈæbdəˌkeɪt/

Định nghĩa:
renounce; give up.
Ví dụ:
  • When Edward VIII abdicated the British throne to marry the woman he loved, he surprised the entire world
  • When the painter Gauguin abdicated his family responsibilities to run off to Samoa, he surprised no one at all.

aberration (N.) /ˌæbərˈeɪʃən/

Định nghĩa:
deviation from the expected or normal; mental irregularity or disorder.
Ví dụ:
  • Survivors of a major catastrophe are likely to exhibit aberrations of behavior because of the trauma they have experienced.

abet (V.) /əˈbɛt/

Định nghĩa:
encourage; aid.
Ví dụ:
  • She was accused of aiding and abetting the drug dealer by engaging in a money-laundering scheme to help him disguise his illegal income.

abeyance (N.) /əˈbeɪəns/

Định nghĩa:
suspended action.
Ví dụ:
  • The deal was held in abeyance until her arrival.

abject (ADJ.) /ˈæbʤɛkt/

Định nghĩa:
hopeless and crushed; servile and spiritless; wretched.
Ví dụ:
  • On the streets of New York, the homeless live in abject poverty, lying huddled in doorways to find shelter from the wind.

abrade (V.)

Định nghĩa:
wear away by friction; scrape; erode.
Ví dụ:
  • The sharp rocks abraded the skin on her legs, so she put iodine on her abrasions.

abscond (V.) /æbˈskɑnd/

Định nghĩa:
depart secretly to avoid capture.
Ví dụ:
  • The teller who absconded with the bonds was not captured until someone recognized him from his photograph on America's Most Wanted.

absolute (ADJ.) /ˈæbsəˌlut/

Định nghĩa:
complete; totally unlimited; certain.
Ví dụ:
  • Although the king of Siam was an absolute monarch, he did not want to behead his unfaithful wife without absolute evidence of her infidelity.

absolve (V.) /əbˈzɑlv/

Định nghĩa:
pardon ; free from blame.
Ví dụ:
  • The father confessor absolved him of his sins.

abstain (V.) /əbˈsteɪn/

Định nghĩa:
refrain; hold oneself back voluntarily from an action or practice .
Ví dụ:
  • After considering the effect of alcohol on his athletic performance, he decided to abstain from drinking while he trained for the race.

abstract (ADJ.) /ˈæbˌstrækt/

Định nghĩa:
theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentational.
Ví dụ:
  • To him, hunger was an abstract concept; he had never missed a meal.

abstruse (ADJ.) /əbˈstrus/

Định nghĩa:
obscure; profound; difficult to understand.
Ví dụ:
  • She carries around abstruse works of philosophy, not because she understands them but because she wants her friends to think she does.

accelerate (V.) /ækˈsɛlərˌeɪt/

Định nghĩa:
move faster.
Ví dụ:
  • In our science class, we learn how falling bodies accelerate.

accessible (ADJ.) /ækˈsɛsəbəl/

Định nghĩa:
easy to approach; obtainable.
Ví dụ:
  • We asked our guide whether the ruins were accessible on foot.

accessory (N.) /ækˈsɛsəri/

Định nghĩa:
additional object; useful but not essential thing.
Ví dụ:
  • The accessories she bought cost more than the dress.

acclaim (V.) /əˈkleɪm/

Định nghĩa:
applaud; announce with great approval.
Ví dụ:
  • The NBC sportscaster acclaimed every American victory in the Olympics and lamented every American defeat.

accolade (N.) /ˈækəˌleɪd/

Định nghĩa:
award of merit.
Ví dụ:
  • In the world of public relations, a Clio is the highest accolade an advertising campaign can receive.

accomodate (V.)

Định nghĩa:
provide lodgings.
Ví dụ:
  • Mary asked the room clerk whether the hotel would be able to accomodate the tour group on such short notice.

accomodate (V.)

Định nghĩa:
oblige or help someone; adjust or bring into harmony; adapt.
Ví dụ:
  • Mitch always did everything possible to accomodate his elderly relatives, from driving them to medical appointments to helping them with paperwork.

accomplice (N.) /əˈkɑmpləs/

Định nghĩa:
partner in crime.
Ví dụ:
  • Because he had provided the criminal with the lethal weapon, he was arrested as an accomplice in the murder.

acknowledge (V.) /ækˈnɑlɪʤ/

Định nghĩa:
recognize; admit.
Ví dụ:
  • Although Ira acknowledged that the Beatles' tunes sounded pretty dated nowadays, he still preferred them to the punk rock songs his nephews played.

acquittal (N.) /əkˈwɪtəl/

Định nghĩa:
declaration of innocence; delivrance from a charge.
Ví dụ:
  • His acquittal by the jury surprised those who had thought him guilty.

acrimony (N.) /ˈækrɪˌmoʊni/

Định nghĩa:
bitterness of words or manner.
Ví dụ:
  • The candidate attacked his opponent with great acrimony.

acumen (N.) /əˈkjumən/

Định nghĩa:
mental keenness.
Ví dụ:
  • His business acumen helped him to succeed where others had failed.

adamant (ADJ.) /ˈædəmənt/

Định nghĩa:
hard; inflexible.
Ví dụ:
  • Bronson played the part of a revenge-driven man, adamant in his determination to punish the criminals who had destroyed his family.

adapt (V.) /əˈdæpt/

Định nghĩa:
alter; modify.
Ví dụ:
  • Some species of animals have become extinct because they could not adapt to a changing environment.

addiction (N.) /əˈdɪkʃən/

Định nghĩa:
compulsive, habitual need.
Ví dụ:
  • His addiction to drugs caused his friends much grief.

adhere (V.) /əˈdhɪr/

Định nghĩa:
stick fast to.
Ví dụ:
  • I will adhere to this opinion until someone comes up with solid proof that I am wrong.

adjacent (ADJ.) /əˈʤeɪsənt/

Định nghĩa:
adjoining; neighboring; close by.
Ví dụ:
  • Philip's best friend Jason lived only four houses away, close but not immediately adjacent.

adjudicate (V.) /əˈʤudɪˌkeɪt/

Định nghĩa:
pass legal judgment on; sit in judgment.
Ví dụ:
  • Do you trust Judge Judy to adjudicate disputes impartially?

admonish (V.) /ædˈmɑnɪʃ/

Định nghĩa:
warn; scold.
Ví dụ:
  • The preacher admonished his listeners to change their wicked ways.

adroit (ADJ.) /əˈdrɔɪt/

Định nghĩa:
skillful; nimble.
Ví dụ:
  • The juggler's admirers particularly enjoyed his adroit handling of difficult balancing tricks.

adulation (N.) /ˌæʤəˈleɪʃən/

Định nghĩa:
flattery; admiration.
Ví dụ:
  • The rock star relished the adulation she received from her groupies and yes-men.

adulterate (V.) /əˈdəltərˌeɪt/

Định nghĩa:
Make impure by adding inferior or tainted substances.
Ví dụ:
  • It is a crime to adulterate foods without informing the buyer
  • When consumers learned that the manufacturer had adulterated its apple juice by mixing it with water, they protested vigorously.

adversary (N.) /ˈædvərˌsɛri/

Định nghĩa:
opponent.
Ví dụ:
  • "Aha!" cried Holmes
  • "Watson, I suspect this delay is the work of my old adversary Professor Moriarty
  • "

adverse (ADJ.) /ˌædˈvərs/

Định nghĩa:
unfavorable; hostile.
Ví dụ:
  • The recession had a highly adverse effect on Father's investment portfolio: he lost so much money that he could no longer afford the butler and the upstairs maid.

adversity (N.) /ædˈvərsɪˌti/

Định nghĩa:
poverty; misfortune.
Ví dụ:
  • We must learn to meet adversity gracefully.

advocate (V.) /ˈædvəˌkeɪt/

Định nghĩa:
urge; plead for.
Ví dụ:
  • Noted abolitionists such as Frederick Douglass and Sojourner Truth advocated the eradication of the Southern institution of slavery.

aesthetic (ADJ.) /ɛsˈθɛtɪk/

Định nghĩa:
artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciation of the beautiful.
Ví dụ:
  • The beauty of Tiffany's stained glass appealed to Alice's aesthetic sense.

affable (ADJ.) /ˈæfəbəl/

Định nghĩa:
easily approachable; warmly friendly.
Ví dụ:
  • Accustomed to cold, aloof supervisors, Nicholas was amazed by how affable his new employer was.

affected (ADJ.) /əˈfɛktɪd/

Định nghĩa:
artificial; pretended; assumed in order to impress.
Ví dụ:
  • His affected mannerisms - his "Harvard" accent, his air of boredom, his flaunting of obscure foreign words - irritated many of us who had known him before he had gone away to school.

affinity (N.) /əˈfɪnɪti/

Định nghĩa:
kinship; attraction to.
Ví dụ:
  • She felt an affinity with all who suffered; their pains were her pains
  • Her brother, in contrast, had an affinity for political wheeling and dealing; he manipulated people shamelessly, not caring who got hurt.

affirmation (N.) /ˌæfərˈmeɪʃən/

Định nghĩa:
positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath.
Ví dụ:
  • Despite Tom's affirmations of innocence, Aunt Polly still suspected he had eaten the pie.

affix (V.) /ˈæfɪks/

Định nghĩa:
add on; fasten; attach.
Ví dụ:
  • First the registrar had to affix her signature to the license; the she had to affix her official seal.

affluence (N.) /ˈæfluəns/

Định nghĩa:
wealth; prosperity; abundance.
Ví dụ:
  • Galvanized by his sudden, unexpected affluence, the lottery winner dashed out to buy himself a brand new Ferrari.

affront (V.) /əˈfrənt/

Định nghĩa:
insult; offend.
Ví dụ:
  • Accustomed to being treated with respect, Miss Challoner was affronted by Vidal's offensive behavior.

aggregate (V.) /ˈægrəgət/

Định nghĩa:
gather; accumulate.
Ví dụ:
  • Before the Wall Street scandals, dealers in so-called junk bonds managed to aggregate great wealth in short periods of time.

agility (N.) /əˈʤɪləti/

Định nghĩa:
nimbleness.
Ví dụ:
  • The acrobat's agility amazed and thrilled the audience.