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Flashcards: TOEFL Word List


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abbreviate (v.) /əbrˈiviˌeɪt/

Định nghĩa:
shorten, reduce in length, make brief

abbreviation (n.) /əbrˌiviˈeɪʃən/

Định nghĩa:
act of shortening by removing or omitting a part; shortened form of a word or words

abdomen (n.) /æbdˈoʊmən/

Định nghĩa:
(in vertebrates) section of the body between the thorax and the pelvis in which most of the digestive organs are located, belly; section of the body behind the thorax (Entomology)
Ghi chú:
Synonyms:stomach, front, belly, tummy

abigail (n.) /ˈæbəgˌeɪl/

Định nghĩa:
female servant, maid

abnormal (adj.) /æbnˈɔrməl/

Định nghĩa:
unusual, not normal; irregular, exceptional

abolitionist (n.) /ˌæbəlˈɪʃənəst/

Định nghĩa:
one who sought to outlaw slavery (during the 18th and 19th centuries); one who seeks to abolish any law or regulation

abrasion (n.) /əbrˈeɪʒən/

Định nghĩa:
area that has been rubbed or scraped away; act of rubbing or scraping away
Ghi chú:
Synonyms:scrape, scratch, scuff, graze, cut

absent (adj.) /ˈæbsənt/

Định nghĩa:
not present; preoccupied, lost in thought

absorb (v.) /əbzˈɔrb/

Định nghĩa:
suck up; take up, take in

abundance (n.) /əbˈʌndəns/

Định nghĩa:
plentifulness, copiousness; richness, wealth; number of creatures of a certain species found within a given area (Ecology)
Ghi chú:
Synonyms:profusion, plenty, loads, wealth

abundant (adj.) /əbˈʌndənt/

Định nghĩa:
plentiful, copious, profuse; full, abounding with
Ghi chú:
Synonyms:plentiful, copious, rich, profuse

acacia (n.) /əkˈeɪʃə/

Định nghĩa:
small tree or shrub that produces clusters of yellow flowers

academy (n.) /əkˈædəmi/

Định nghĩa:
secondary school; school which offers special instruction; academic association or institution
Ghi chú:
Synonyms:school, college, conservatory

accelerate (v.) /æksˈɛlɜˌeɪt/

Định nghĩa:
cause to move or happen faster, hasten; increase the speed of, quicken

acceleration (n.) /ˌæksˌɛlɜˈeɪʃən/

Định nghĩa:
increase of speed
Ghi chú:
Synonyms:hastening, hurrying, quickening, rushing

accent (n.) /əksˈɛnt/

Định nghĩa:
mode of pronunciation characteristic of a group of people or region; emphasis placed on a certain syllable in a word; mark on a letter or word showing stress or pitch; emphasis; contrasting element

acceptance (n.) /æksˈɛptəns/

Định nghĩa:
act of accepting or receiving; approval; state of accepting or believing in something

accessible (adj.) /æksˈɛsəbəl/

Định nghĩa:
approachable; easily obtainable; easy to relate to; persuadable, easy to influence
Ghi chú:
Synonyms:nearby, available, reachable, handy, open, manageable, comprehensible, understandable, clear, straightforward, simple, approachable, affable, genial, friendly, welcoming

accidentally (adv.) /ˌæksədˈɛntəli/

Định nghĩa:
incidentally, by chance
Ghi chú:
Synonyms:unintentionally, inadvertently, fortuitously

acclaim (v.) /əklˈeɪm/

Định nghĩa:
cheer for; praise, hail, extol; shout praise
Ghi chú:
Synonyms:approval, praise, commendation, acclamation, approbation, applause, compliments, praise, hail, commend, applaud, cheer

accommodate (v.) /əkˈɑmədˌeɪt/

Định nghĩa:
host guests; provide lodging; adapt oneself; give, bestow

accompaniment (n.) /əkˈʌmpnɪmənt/

Định nghĩa:
decorative element; minor part which complements the main musical part; musical piece played while a song is being performed; act of accompanying a person
Ghi chú:
Synonyms:accessory, adjunct, supplement, complement, addition, auxiliary

accomplishment (n.) /əkˈɑmplɪʃmənt/

Định nghĩa:
fulfillment, realization; performance; characteristic; virtue, merit; achievement, attainment
Ghi chú:
Synonyms:achievement, triumph, success, deed, feat, exploit, completion, execution, finishing, realization, achievement, attainment, skill, talent, ability, expertise, capability, endowment

accountant (n.) /əkˈaʊntənt/

Định nghĩa:
one who maintains financial records, one who does financial audits

accumulate (v.) /əkyˈumyəlˌeɪt/

Định nghĩa:
amass, gather, collect; be gathered, be collected

accumulation (n.) /əkyˌumyəlˈeɪʃən/

Định nghĩa:
gathering; collection; agglomeration, pile
Ghi chú:
Synonyms:buildup, accretion, accrual, gathering, growth, addition, increase, amassing, collection, stock, store, hoard, deposit, heap

accuracy (n.) /ˈækyɜəsi/

Định nghĩa:
preciseness, exactness
Ghi chú:
Synonyms:correctness, exactness, precision, truth, truthfulness

accurately (adv.) /ˈækyɜətli/

Định nghĩa:
precisely, exactly

accustom (v.) /əkˈʌstəm/

Định nghĩa:
familiarize, make used to

acid (n.) /ˈæsəd/

Định nghĩa:
any of a group of sour-tasting substances that dissolve in water and form salts when combined with bases (Chemistry); substance having a sour taste; acerbity, sarcasm; LSD (Slang)

acidic (adj.) /əsˈɪdɪk/

Định nghĩa:
resembling acid; acid forming; containing large amounts of silica
Ghi chú:
Synonyms:acid, sharp, tart, sour, bitter

acorn (n.) /ˈeɪkɔrn/

Định nghĩa:
fruit or seed of the oak tree

acoustic (adj.) /əkˈustɪk/

Định nghĩa:
vocal, sonic; auditory; of sound

acquaintance (n.) /əkwˈeɪntəns/

Định nghĩa:
familiarity; knowledge, awareness; person one knows slightly

acre (n.) /ˈeɪkɜ/

Định nghĩa:
unit of area used to measure plots of ground (equal to 4, 840 square yards or 4, 046.86 square meters)

acronym (n.) /ˈækrənɪm/

Định nghĩa:
word formed from the first initials of several words (i.e. NASA)

actively (adv.) /ˈæktɪvli/

Định nghĩa:
in an active manner, energetically, vigorously, busily

activist (n.) /ˈæktɪvɪst/

Định nghĩa:
supporter of activism, one who advocates active involvement as a means to achieve political or other goals
Ghi chú:
Synonyms:campaigner, protester, objector, militant, advocate, advanced, futuristic, modern, innovative, liberal, broadminded, enlightened, radical, unbiased, unprejudiced

actress (n.) /ˈæktrəs/

Định nghĩa:
female performer (in plays, films, etc.);one who acts, performer (in plays, films, etc.)
Ghi chú:
Synonyms:performer, artist, artiste, player

acupuncture (n.) /ˈækyupˌʌŋktʃɜ/

Định nghĩa:
Chinese method in which illnesses are treated by applying small needles to specific points on the body

acute (adj.) /əkyˈut/

Định nghĩa:
grave, serious, severe; keen, sharp, sensitive; penetrating, shrewd; less than 90 degrees (Geometry); pointed

adaptable (adj.) /ədˈæptəbəl/

Định nghĩa:
able to be modified; adjusting quickly
Ghi chú:
Synonyms:flexible, malleable, pliable, adjustable, compliant

adaptation (n.) /ˌædəptˈeɪʃən/

Định nghĩa:
act of adapting; process of making one thing fit another; modification, adjustment

additionally (adv.) /ədˈɪʃənˌʌli/

Định nghĩa:
moreover, in addition, supplementally

adequately (adv.) /ˈædəkwɪtli/

Định nghĩa:
sufficiently, suitably; passably, tolerably

adhere (v.) /ədhˈɪr/

Định nghĩa:
stick to, cling to; be devoted to (an idea, group, etc.)

adjacent (adj.) /ədʒˈeɪsənt/

Định nghĩa:
near; next; adjoining

adjective (n.) /ˈædʒɪktɪv/

Định nghĩa:
part of speech used to modify a noun (Grammar)

administer (v.) /ədmˈɪnɪstɜ/

Định nghĩa:
manage, supervise; implement, execute; supply, dispense, give (i.e. drugs, medication, etc.)

administrative (adj.) /ədmˈɪnɪstrˌeɪtɪv/

Định nghĩa:
of or pertaining to administration, managerial, executive