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Flashcards: 600 TOEIC words: Financing and Budgeting


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ACCEPT (v) /əkˈsept/

Định nghĩa:
to receive, to respond favorably. đồng ý, chấp thuận
Ví dụ:
  • Rick accepted her offer of coffee.

ACCOUNTING (n) /əˈkaʊntɪŋ/

Định nghĩa:
the recording and gathering of financial information for a company. sự thanh toán, tính toán
Ví dụ:
  • good accounting is needed in all businesses

ACCUMULATE (v) /əˈkjuːmjəleɪt/

Định nghĩa:
to gather, to collect. tích lũy, lũy kế
Ví dụ:
  • We've accumulated so much rubbish over the years.

ACCUMULATION (n) /əˌkjuːmjəˈleɪʃn̩/

Định nghĩa:
to gradually get more and more money, possessions, knowledge etc over a period of time. sự chất đống, sự chồng chất, sự tích luỹ, sự tích lại
Ví dụ:
  • Despite this accumulation of evidence, the Government persisted in doing nothing.

AGGRESSIVE (adj) /əˈɡresɪv/

Định nghĩa:
Competitive, assertive. lấn sân, xâm chiếm, hung hăng
Ví dụ:
  • Jim's voice became aggressive.

ASSET (n) /ˈæset/

Định nghĩa:
something of value. tài sản
Ví dụ:
  • the value of a company's assets

ATTITUDE (n) /ˈætɪtjuːd/

Định nghĩa:
a felling about something or someone. thái độ, quan điểm
Ví dụ:
  • Pete's attitude towards women really scares me.

AUDIT (n) /ˈɔːdɪt/

Định nghĩa:
a formal examination of financial records, (v). to examine the financial. kiểm toán, kiểm tra
Ví dụ:
  • The company has an audit at the end of each financial year.

BALANCE (n) /ˈbæləns/

Định nghĩa:
the remainder, (v). to compute the difference between credits and debits of an account. Số dư tài khoản
Ví dụ:
  • his healthy bank balance showed a long habit of savings

BORROW (v) /ˈbɒrəʊ/

Định nghĩa:
to use temporarily. vay mượn
Ví dụ:
  • Can I borrow your pen for a minute?

BUDGET (n) /ˈbʌdʒət/

Định nghĩa:
a list of probable expenses and income for a given period. ngân quỹ, ngân sách.
Ví dụ:
  • The budget for photography has been cut.

BUILD UP (n) /bɪld ʌp/

Định nghĩa:
to increase over time. Sự tăng cường, xây dựng dần lên
Ví dụ:
  • be careful, your inventory of parts is building up

CALCULATE (v) /ˈkælkjʊleɪt/

Định nghĩa:
to figure out, to compute. tính toán
Ví dụ:
  • I'm trying to calculate how much paint we need.

CALCULATION (n) /ˌkælkjʊˈleɪʃn̩/

Định nghĩa:
when you use numbers in order to find out an amount, price, or value. sự tính, sự tính toán
Ví dụ:
  • Dee looked at the bill and made some rapid calculations.

CAUTIOUS (adj) /ˈkɔːʃəs/

Định nghĩa:
Careful, wary. thận trọng
Ví dụ:
  • Keller is cautious about making predictions for the success of the program.

CLIENT (n) /ˈklaɪənt/

Định nghĩa:
a customer. khách hàng
Ví dụ:
  • We always aim to give our clients personal attention.

COMMITMENT (n) /kəˈmɪtmənt/

Định nghĩa:
a promise. thỏa thuận, thỏa ước, cam kết
Ví dụ:
  • Are you ready to make a long-term commitment ?

CONSERVATIVE (adj) /kənˈsɜːvətɪv/

Định nghĩa:
Cautious, restrained. bảo thủ, thận trọng
Ví dụ:
  • Conservative policies

DEADLINE (n) /ˈdedlaɪn/

Định nghĩa:
a time by which something must be finished. hạn cuối
Ví dụ:
  • The deadline for applications is May 27th.

DEBT (n) /det/

Định nghĩa:
something owed, as in money or goods. khoản nợ
Ví dụ:
  • He had enough money to pay off his father's outstanding debts.

DEDUCT (v) /dɪˈdʌkt/

Định nghĩa:
to take away from a total, to subtract. khấu trừ
Ví dụ:
  • The payments will be deducted from your salary.

DESIRED (adj) /dɪˈzaɪəd/

Định nghĩa:
Wished or longed for. mong đợi, mong ước, khao khát
Ví dụ:
  • Add lemon juice if desired .

DETAIL (v) /ˈdiːteɪl/

Định nghĩa:
to report or relate minutely or in particulars. chi tiết, tiểu tiết, khía cạnh nhỏ
Ví dụ:
  • Todd had planned the journey down to the smallest detail.

DIVIDEND (n) /ˈdɪvɪdend/

Định nghĩa:
a share in a distribution. Tiền lãi cổ phần
Ví dụ:
  • Dividends will be sent to shareholders on March 31.

DOWN PAYMENT (n) /daʊn ˈpeɪmənt/

Định nghĩa:
an initial partial payment. Sự trả trước 1 phần khi mua hàng
Ví dụ:
  • We've almost got enough money to make a down payment on a house.

FILE (v) /faɪl/

Định nghĩa:
to enter into public record, n. a group of documents or information about a person or an event. sắp xếp, kê thuế, sắp đặt tài liệu
Ví dụ:
  • if you file your taxes late, you will have to pay a fine

FILL OUT (v) /fɪl aʊt/

Định nghĩa:
to complete. hoàn tất, hoàn thành, điền đơn
Ví dụ:
  • don't forget to fill out this tax form before you leave

FORECAST (n) /ˈfɔːkɑːst/

Định nghĩa:
, a prediction of a future event .(v). to estimate or calculate in advance. dự đoán, dự báo trước
Ví dụ:
  • The weather forecast is good for tomorrow.

FUND (n) /fʌnd/

Định nghĩa:
an amount of money for something specific, v to provide money for. nguồn tiền, quỹ dự trữ.
Ví dụ:
  • A sale is being held to raise funds for the school.

GIVE UP (v) /ɡɪv ʌp/

Định nghĩa:
to quit, to stop. đầu hàng, tạm dừng, tạm ngưng
Ví dụ:
  • she will give up the study next year

INVEST (v) /ɪnˈvest/

Định nghĩa:
to put money into a business or activity with the hope of making more money, to put effort into something. đầu tư
Ví dụ:
  • I've got a few thousand dollars I'm looking to invest.

JOINT (adj) /dʒɔɪnt/

Định nghĩa:
Together, shared. chung, chỗ nối
Ví dụ:
  • The project was a joint effort between the two schools

LEVEL (n) /ˈlevl̩/

Định nghĩa:
a relative position or rank on a scale. mức độ, hạng
Ví dụ:
  • the high salary levels of top executives

LONG-TERM (adj) /ˈlɒŋ tɜːm/

Định nghĩa:
involving or extending over a long period. dài hạn
Ví dụ:
  • the long-term interests of the company

MORTGAGE (n) /ˈmɔːɡɪdʒ/

Định nghĩa:
the amount due on a property, (v). to borrow money with your house as collateral. cầm cố, thế chấp
Ví dụ:
  • They've taken out a 30 year mortgage

OUTSTANDING (adj) /ˌaʊtˈstændɪŋ/

Định nghĩa:
Still due, not paid or settled. còn tồn tại, chưa giải quyết xong, chưa trả nợ
Ví dụ:
  • We've got quite a few debts still outstanding.

OVERALL (adj) /ˌəʊvəˈrɔːl/

Định nghĩa:
Regarded as a whole, general. bao gồm, tòan bộ
Ví dụ:
  • The overall cost of the exhibition was £400,000.

OWE (v) /əʊ/

Định nghĩa:
to have a debt. To be obligated to pay (nợ). nợ, hàm ơn
Ví dụ:
  • I owe my brother $50.

PENALTY (n) /ˈpenlti/

Định nghĩa:
a punishment, a consequence. khoản tiền phạt, hình phạt
Ví dụ:
  • Withdrawing the money early will result in a 10% penalty.

PERSPECTIVE (n) /pəˈspektɪv/

Định nghĩa:
a mental view or outlook. cảnh trông xa; nghĩa bóng viễn cảnh, triển vọng;
Ví dụ:
  • The budget statement will give the manager some perspective on where the costs of running the business are to be found

PORTFOLIO (n) /pɔːtˈfəʊlɪəʊ/

Định nghĩa:
a list of investments. danh mục vốn đầu tư
Ví dụ:
  • You'll need to prepare a portfolio of your work.

PREPARE (v) /prɪˈpeə/

Định nghĩa:
to make ready. chuẩn bị
Ví dụ:
  • Prepare the sauce while the pasta is cooking.

PROFIT (v n) /ˈprɒfɪt/

Định nghĩa:
money that you gain by selling things or doing business, after your costs have been paid. lợi nhuận, thu hồi
Ví dụ:
  • Our daily profit is usually around $500.

PROFITABLE (adj) /ˈprɒfɪtəbl̩/

Định nghĩa:
advantageous, beneficial. có sinh lời
Ví dụ:
  • a highly profitable business

PROJECT (adj) /prəˈdʒektɪd/

Định nghĩa:
Estimated, or predicted based or present data. đặt dự án, kế hoạch
Ví dụ:
  • The project aims to provide an analysis of children's emotions.

PULL OUT (v) /pʊl aʊt/

Định nghĩa:
to withdraw, to stop participating, (n). a withdrawal, removal. rút tiền, rút lui
Ví dụ:
  • a lot of people pulled our their money, when it became clear that the bank was in trouble

REALISTIC (adj) /ˌrɪəˈlɪstɪk/

Định nghĩa:
Tending to or expressing an awareness of things as they really are. có óc thực tế, hiện thực
Ví dụ:
  • Realistic expectations are important when you review your financial statements

RECONCILE (v) /ˈrekənsaɪl/

Định nghĩa:
to make consistent. đành chấp nhận, cam chịu, giải hòa
Ví dụ:
  • The possibility remains that the two theories may be reconciled.

REFUND (n) /rɪˈfʌnd/

Định nghĩa:
the amount paid back, (v), to give back. trả lại, hoàn trả
Ví dụ:
  • They refused to give me a refund .

RESOURCE (n) /rɪˈzɔːs/

Định nghĩa:
assets, valuable things. nguồn, phương kế
Ví dụ:
  • She had no financial resources .