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Flashcards: Cambridge vocabulary for IELTS (Advanced)


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abandon /əˈbændən/

Định nghĩa:
từ bỏ; bỏ rơi, ruồng bỏ. to leave a place, thing, or person, usually for ever
Ví dụ:
  • We had to abandon the car.
  • By the time the rebel troops arrived, the village had already been abandoned.
  • As a baby he was abandoned by his mother.

abominable /əˈbɑːmɪnəbl/

Định nghĩa:
extremely unpleasant and causing disgust . Ghê tởm, kinh tởm.
Ví dụ:
  • The judge described the attack as an abominable crime.
  • We were served the most abominable coffee.
  • I think you are utterly selfish and your behaviour has been abominable.

abrupt /əˈbrʌpt/

Định nghĩa:
. sudden and unexpected, often in an unpleasant way
Ví dụ:
  • an abrupt change/halt/departure
  • The accident brought his career to an abrupt end.

absorb /əbˈzɔːrb/

Định nghĩa:
. to take in a liquid, gas or other substance from the surface or space around
Ví dụ:
  • Plants absorb carbon dioxide from the air.
  • Let the rice cook until it has absorbed all the water.

abysmal /əˈbɪzməl/

Định nghĩa:
vô cùng tệ hại, thậm tệ. extremely bad or of a very low standard
Ví dụ:
  • His manners are abysmal.
  • The council has an abysmal record on education.

accept the consequences of

Định nghĩa:
chấp nhận, đối mặt với hậu quả của một hành động gì đó

accuse /əˈkjuːz/

Định nghĩa:
Cáo buộc, buộc tội, kết tội; tố cáo.. ac____esomebody to say that somebody has done something wrong or is guilty of something
Ví dụ:
  • "It wasn't my fault
  • " "Don't worry, I'm not accusing you
  • "He's been accused of robbery/murder

acquire a taste for

Định nghĩa:
bắt đầu thích một cái gì đấy. to begin to like something, especially a particular kind of food, drink, or experience

acquisitiveness /əˈkwɪzətɪvnəs/

Định nghĩa:
Tính thích trữ của, tính hám lợi.. eagerness to own and collect things
Ví dụ:
  • He was known for his acquisitiveness, buying any work of art that caught his eye.

activate /ˈæktɪveɪt/

Định nghĩa:
hoạt hóa, làm hoạt động, kích hoạt. to make something such as a device or chemical process start working
Ví dụ:
  • The burglar alarm is activated by movement.
  • The gene is activated by a specific protein.

adolescent /ˌædəˈlesnt/

Định nghĩa:
. teenager
Ví dụ:
  • adolescents between the ages of 13 and 18 and the problems they face
  • Stop acting like an adolescent!

aftershock /ˈæftərʃɑːk/

Định nghĩa:
Dư chấn.. a small earthquake that happens after a bigger one
Ví dụ:
  • The initial earthquake was followed by a series of aftershocks.
  • The area suffered a series of aftershocks measuring up to 6
  • 3 on the Richter scale.

aggravate /ˈæɡrəveɪt/

Định nghĩa:
Làm trầm trọng thêm, làm nặng thêm, làm nguy ngập thêm, làm xấu thêm.. to make a bad situation worse
Ví dụ:
  • The government’s actions will only aggravate the problem.
  • He aggravated an old shoulder injury during the win against Chelsea.
  • The treatment only aggravated the condition.

agriculture /ˈæɡrɪkʌltʃər/

Định nghĩa:
nông nghiệp
Ví dụ:
  • The number of people employed in agriculture has fallen in the last decade.
  • 50% of the country’s population depends on agriculture.

alleviate /əˈliːvieɪt/

Định nghĩa:
to make something less severe .
Ví dụ:
  • These measures are designed to alleviate the situation.
  • Are we doing enough to alleviate poverty in these countries?
  • The drugs did nothing to alleviate her pain/suffering.

amalgamate /əˈmælɡəmeɪt/

Định nghĩa:
Trộn, pha trộn, trộn lẫn, hỗn hợp, hợp nhất .. if two organizations am_________te, they join together to form one large organization
Ví dụ:
  • The company has now amalgamated with another local firm.
  • They decided to amalgamate the two schools.
  • A number of colleges have amalgamated to form the new university.

analytical /ˌænəˈlɪtɪkl/

Định nghĩa:
. using a logical method of thinking about something in order to understand it, especially by looking at all the parts separately
Ví dụ:
  • She has a clear analytical mind.
  • an analytic approach to the problem

animation /ˌænɪˈmeɪʃn/

Định nghĩa:
Lòng hăng hái, nhiệt tình; sự cao hứng, sự hào hứng. Tính hoạt bát, sinh khí.. Lòng hăng hái, nhiệt tình; sự cao hứng, sự hào hứng.. Tính hoạt bát, sinh khí.. energy and enthusiasm in the way you look, behave or speak
Ví dụ:
  • His face was drained of all colour and animation.
  • She talked about her new job with great animation.
  • She spoke with great animation about her latest discoveries.

anti-social /ˌæntiˈsoʊʃl/

Định nghĩa:
often avoiding spending time with other people. có hại cho xã hội. hay xa lánh người khác. harmful to society
Ví dụ:
  • They'll think you're being antisocial if you don't go
  • Increasingly, smoking is regarded as an antisocial habit.

a passing trend

Định nghĩa:
Một mốt nhất thời nhưng giờ đã không còn ai nhớ đến nữa. Something that used to be insanely popular for a while, andhas kind of faded, or "passed" away.
Ví dụ:
  • For examplebackward caps were majorly popular in the late 90's and early 2000s, but now,almost no one wears their baseball cap backwards
  • Its faded and almostdisappeared.

appalling /əˈpɔːlɪŋ/

Định nghĩa:
. shocking; extremely bad
Ví dụ:
  • It was one of the most appalling atrocities of the war
  • The regime has an appalling record on human rights.
  • It was one of the most appalling atrocities of the war.

apprehensive /ˌæprɪˈhensɪv/

Định nghĩa:
. worried or frightened that something unpleasant may happen
Ví dụ:
  • an apprehensive face/glance/look
  • She was deeply apprehensive that something might go wrong.
  • You have no reason to be apprehensive of the future.

apprenticeship /əˈprentɪʃɪp/

Định nghĩa:
. a period of time working as an apprentice; a job as an apprentice
Ví dụ:
  • She was in the second year of her apprenticeship as a carpenter.
  • He had served his apprenticeship as a plumber.
  • Apprenticeships were becoming more difficult to find.

a process of trial and error

Định nghĩa:
. a way of achieving an aim or solving a problem by trying a number of different methods and learning from the mistakes that you make
Ví dụ:
  • [sound:a process of trial and error
  • mp3]

aquatic /əˈkwætɪk/

Định nghĩa:
. growing or living in, on or near water
Ví dụ:
  • aquatic plants/life/ecosystems

archive /ˈɑːrkaɪv/

Định nghĩa:
a place where historical records are kept. Tài liệu, tài liệu lưu trữ; lưu trữ; phòng lưu trữ. a collection of historical records relating to a place, organization, or family
Ví dụ:
  • the National Sound Archive
  • archive film
  • The BBC's archives are bulging with material.

arise /əˈraɪz/

Định nghĩa:
Xuất hiện, nảy sinh ra, xảy ra.. Phát sinh do; do bởi.. to happen; to start to exist
Ví dụ:
  • A new crisis has arisen.
  • We keep them informed of any changes as they arise.
  • Children should be disciplined when the need arises (= when it is necessary).

arrest /əˈrest/

Định nghĩa:
bị cảnh sát bắt giữ vì phạm tội gì đó. ar___t somebody for something:take somebody away to ask them about a crime that they might have committed
Ví dụ:
  • He was arrested when customs officers found drugs in his bag.
  • The police arrested her for drinking and driving.
  • She was arrested for drug-related offences.

assert /əˈsɜːrt/

Định nghĩa:
Xác nhận, khẳng định, quả quyết, quyết đoán.. to state clearly and firmly that something is true
Ví dụ:
  • assert that… She continued to assert that she was innocent.
  • assert something She continued to assert her innocence.
  • + speech ‘That is wrong,’ he asserted.

assertive /əˈsɜːrtɪv/

Định nghĩa:
expressing opinions or desires strongly and with confidence, so that people take notice.
Ví dụ:
  • You should try and be more assertive.
  • assertive behaviour

asset /ˈæset/

Định nghĩa:
Của cải, tài sản, vật thuộc quyền sở hữu.. [ C usually plural ] something valuable belonging to a person or organization
Ví dụ:
  • Her assets include shares in the company and a house in France
  • asset sales/management
  • Her assets include shares in the company and a house in France.

assure /əˈʃʊr/

Định nghĩa:
. to tell somebody that something is definitely true or is definitely going to happen, especially when they have doubts about it
Ví dụ:
  • You think I did it deliberately, but I assure you (that) I did not.
  • We were assured that everything possible was being done.

a storm in a teacup

Định nghĩa:
chuyện bé xé ra to. a lot of anger or worry about something that is not important
Ví dụ:
  • I think it's all a storm in a teacup - there's probably no danger to public health at all.

astronomical /ˌæstrəˈnɑːmɪkl/

Định nghĩa:
thiên văn học.
Ví dụ:
  • the astronomical price of land for buildingThe figures are astronomical.
  • the astronomical price of land for building
  • The figures are astronomical.

attract /əˈtrækt/

Định nghĩa:
. to pull or draw someone or something towards them, by the qualities they have, especially good ones
Ví dụ:
  • These flowers are brightly coloured in order to attract butterflies.
  • I am attracted to Mary
  • She's just so beautiful!

a win-win situation

Định nghĩa:
tình huống cả hai bên cùng có lợi. something that is good for everyone who is involved
Ví dụ:
  • Flexible working hours are a win-win situation for employers and employees.

bacterial /bækˈtɪriəl/

Định nghĩa:
caused by or connected with bacteria.
Ví dụ:
  • a bacterial infection
  • bacterial contamination/growth

bankrupt /ˈbæŋkrʌpt/

Định nghĩa:
Vỡ nợ, phá sản.. without enough money to pay what you owe
Ví dụ:
  • He went bankrupt after only a year in business.
  • The recession has led to many small businesses going bankrupt.
  • I'll go bankrupt if you kids keep asking me for money!

bankruptcy /ˈbæŋkrʌptsi/

Định nghĩa:
Sự vỡ nợ, sự phá sản.. a situation in which a business or a person becomes bankrupt
Ví dụ:
  • The company was forced into bankruptcy.
  • The toll of bankruptcies was rising daily.

become famous overnight

Định nghĩa:
trở nên nổi tiếng chỉ sau một đêm. trở nên nổi tiếng nhanh chóng

behaviour /bɪˈheɪvjər/

Định nghĩa:
. the way that somebody behaves, especially towards other people
Ví dụ:
  • good/bad behaviour
  • social/sexual/criminal behaviour
  • His behaviour towards her was becoming more and more aggressive.

be held responsible for

Định nghĩa:
to be blamed for someone or something. bị bắt chịu trách nhiệm cho việc gì đó
Ví dụ:
  • He held me personally responsible whenever anything went wrong in the project.

be in bad taste

Định nghĩa:
gây xúc phạm bằng cách thiếu để tâm đến ai đó. Ví dụ, mời một người ăn chay nhưng lại mời miếng bánh sandwich thịt lợn thì sẽ là một hành động 'in bad taste'. causing offence by being insensitive or downright rude to someone else, perhaps by not taking account of their cultural sensibilities.
Ví dụ:
  • He told a joke about death that I thought was in bad taste considering that Steve's father had just died.
  • offering a bacon sandwich to someone you know is a strict vegetarian, could be in bad taste.

be in the public eye

Định nghĩa:
trở nên nổi tiếng và trở thành chủ đề bàn tán của công chúng. to be famous and written about in newspapers and magazines and seen on television

(be) pressed for time

Định nghĩa:
. to be in a hurry
Ví dụ:
  • I'd love to stop and talk, but I'm pressed for time.

be snowed under with something

Định nghĩa:
có nhiều việc hơn mức có thể làm. to have more things, especially work, than you feel able to deal with
Ví dụ:
  • I'm absolutely snowed under with work at the moment.
  • I'd love to come but I'm completely snowed under at the moment.

bias /ˈbaɪəs/

Định nghĩa:
Khuynh hướng, sự thiên về; thành kiến, thiên vị.. a strong feeling in favour of or against one group of people, or one side in an argument, often not based on fair judgement
Ví dụ:
  • Reporters must be impartial and not show political bias
  • There was clear evidence of a strong bias against her
  • Employers must consider all candidates impartially and without bias.

biased /ˈbaɪəst/

Định nghĩa:
có khuynh hướng thiên vị/thành kiến với một trong các bên, không công bằng. showing an unreasonable like or dislike for a person based on personal opinions
Ví dụ:
  • biased information/sources/press reports
  • a biased jury/witness
  • The newspapers gave a very biased report of the meeting

billboard /ˈbɪlbɔːrd/

Định nghĩa:
. a large board on the outside of a building or at the side of the road, used for putting advertisements on
Ví dụ:
  • The company advertises on TV, the Internet, and billboards, so you sell more.

biofuel /ˈbaɪoʊfjuːəl/

Định nghĩa:
nhiên liệu sinh học. fuel made from plant or animal sources and used in engines
Ví dụ:
  • biofuels made from sugar cane and sugar beet
  • energy from biofuel sources