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Flashcards: Barron's IELTS: Technology


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aviation

Định nghĩa:
n.[uncountable] the development, design and use of aircraft
Ví dụ:
  • job losses in the aviation industry

back

Định nghĩa:
n.[countable] to support, especially financially

blade

Định nghĩa:
n. a thin, flat part of a machine
Ví dụ:
  • a razor blade
  • The blade of the knife flashed in the moonlight.
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: sword

cable

Định nghĩa:
n.[countable] wire used for sending electric signals
Ví dụ:
  • cables and switches for computers
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: wire

catastrophic

Định nghĩa:
Adj. extremely bad
Ví dụ:
  • The failure of the talks could have catastrophic consequences.
  • catastrophic floods.
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: ruinous, tragic, fatal, dire, awful,

clamp

Định nghĩa:
v. to fasten or hold tightly
Ví dụ:
  • Creed opened his mouth to speak, then clamped it shut.
  • She clamped her hands over her ears.
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: brace, attach

coarse

Định nghĩa:
Adj. rough; not smooth
Ví dụ:
  • a jacket of coarse wool.
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: (OPP) smooth, rough

compensate

Định nghĩa:
v. to make up for; balance out
Ví dụ:
  • Her intelligence more than compensates for her lack of experience.
  • Because my left eye is so weak, my right eye has to work harder to compensate.
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: make up for, balance out

confer

Định nghĩa:
v.(formal) to discuss; consult with somebody
Ví dụ:
  • Franklin conferred with his lawyers.
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: consult

critical

Định nghĩa:
Adj. very important
Ví dụ:
  • Many parents are strongly critical of the school.
  • He made some highly critical remarks.
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: vital, key

cruise

Định nghĩa:
v. to travel at a steady speed
Ví dụ:
  • We fly at a cruising speed of 500 mph.
  • We were cruising along at 50 miles per hour.

curiosity

Định nghĩa:
n.[singular, uncountable] interest; need to know
Ví dụ:
  • SChildren have a natural curiosity about the world around them.
  • I opened the packet just to satisfy my curiosity.
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: interest, desire

current

Định nghĩa:
n. a flow of electricity, water, or air
Ví dụ:
  • In its current state, the car is worth £1,000.
  • the current president.
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: flow

derive

Định nghĩa:
v. to get from something; from something else; originate
Ví dụ:
  • This word is derived from Latin.

design

Định nghĩa:
n.[uncountable] a plan for making something
Ví dụ:
  • the design process.
  • a course in graphic design
  • The new plane is in its final design stage.
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: plan, blueprint, outline

device

Định nghĩa:
n.[countable] a machine or tool
Ví dụ:
  • a measuring device
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: gadget, utensil, tool, appliance

disparate

Định nghĩa:
Adj.(formal) different
Ví dụ:
  • the difficulties of dealing with disparate groups of people.
  • a meeting covering many disparate subjects.
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: different, dissimilar

enthusiast

Định nghĩa:
n.[countable] a person who is very interested in something
Ví dụ:
  • an enthusiast for the latest management thinking (enthusiast for)
  • a keep-fit enthusiast (baseball/outdoors/sailing etc enthusiast)
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: fan, lover, follower

entrepreneur

Định nghĩa:
n.[countable] someone who starts a business
Ví dụ:
  • The British Library has a range of services for entrepreneurs and small businesses.
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: businessman/businesswoman

file

Định nghĩa:
v. to officially record something
Ví dụ:
  • The officer left the scene without filing a report.
  • The contracts are filed alphabetically.

flaw

Định nghĩa:
n.[countable] a mistake or weakness, especially in design
Ví dụ:
  • a slight flaw in the glass
  • (serious/major/basic/minor etc flaw)
  • a flaw in the software.
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: fault

handle

Định nghĩa:
v. to manage; work well with
Ví dụ:
  • Computers can handle huge amounts of data.
  • I handled most of the paperwork.
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: manage

indispensable

Định nghĩa:
Adj. completely necessary

inexplicably

Định nghĩa:
Adv. without explanation

inflexibility

Định nghĩa:
n. inability to change
Ví dụ:
  • inflexible attitudes towards change.
  • Some of his employees find him inflexible.
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: (OPP) flexible

infringement

Định nghĩa:
n. an action that breaks a rule or law
Ví dụ:
  • copyright infringement
  • The company doesn’t believe its promotional material is a trademark infringement.
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: violation, misdemeanor, infraction

inquiry

Định nghĩa:
n. an official investigation

inspiration

Định nghĩa:
n. a sudden good idea; a role model for creativity
Ví dụ:
  • Helen had one of her flashes of inspiration
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: guiding light, creativity, imagination, originality

insulation

Định nghĩa:
n.[uncountable] material used to prevent the passage of electricity, heat, or sound
Ví dụ:
  • glass-fibre insulation
  • Good insulation can save you money on heating bills.

invalid

Định nghĩa:
Adj. not legally correct or acceptable
Ví dụ:
  • Without the right date stamped on it, your ticket will be invalid.
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: wrong, unsound

inventor

Định nghĩa:
n. a person who creates new things
Ví dụ:
  • Franklin was a scientist, an inventor, and a statesman.
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: originator, creator, innovator, designer

investor

Định nghĩa:
n. someone who puts money into a business
Ví dụ:
  • The approach is attractive to foreign investors.
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: shareholder, advocate, backer, financier, sponsor

isolation

Định nghĩa:
n.[uncountable] the condition of being alone or separated from others
Ví dụ:
  • the isolation of rural areas.
  • the isolation of older people.

patent

Định nghĩa:
n. a right to an invention granted by the government
Ví dụ:
  • He wants to take out a patent on his new type of dustbin.
  • The drugs are protected by patent.
  • He applied for a patent for a new method of removing paint.
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: copyright, license

perseverance

Định nghĩa:
n.[uncountable] continuation with a task despite difficulties
Ví dụ:
  • It took perseverance to overcome his reading problems.

pitch

Định nghĩa:
n. the angle or slope of something
Ví dụ:
  • the steep pitch of the roof
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: slope, angle

prolonged

Định nghĩa:
Adj. continuing for a long time
Ví dụ:
  • a prolonged period of time.
  • Prolonged-Labour
  • the region suffered a prolonged drought.
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: long

propeller

Định nghĩa:
n.[countable] a device that causes an airplane or boat to move
Ví dụ:
  • Three hundred seventy propellers were replaced.
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: screw propeller

rally

Định nghĩa:
v. to come together, or to bring people together, to support an idea, a political party etc

ransack

Định nghĩa:
v. to go through a place, stealing things and causing damage.to search a place very thoroughly, often making it untidy
Ví dụ:
  • She ransacked the wardrobe for something to wear
  • (ransack something for something)
  • The whole flat had been ransacked.
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: raid, ravage

refinement

Định nghĩa:
n.[countable] an improvement, usually a small one, to something
Ví dụ:
  • the refinement of uranium.
  • The new model has a number of refinements.

reliably

Định nghĩa:
Adv. dependably

requisite

Định nghĩa:
n. need; requirement
Ví dụ:
  • He lacks the requisite qualifications.
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: necessary, required, essential, indispensable, vital, urgent

revolutionize

Định nghĩa:
v. to change completely

rotation

Định nghĩa:
n. turning motion

ruling

Định nghĩa:
n.[countable] an official decision, especially one made by a court
Ví dụ:
  • the recent Supreme Court ruling on defendants’ rights
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: judgment, decision, verdict

set out

Định nghĩa:
v. to start an activity
Ví dụ:
  • The band are setting out on a European tour in March.
  • salesmen who deliberately set out to defraud customers.
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: start, break out(war, fight...)

snap

Định nghĩa:
v. to break suddenly
Ví dụ:
  • I snapped the ends off the beans and dropped them into a bowl
  • (snap (something) off (something))
  • The teacher snapped the chalk in two and gave me a piece
  • (snap (something) in two/in half (=break into two pieces))
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: break

suitable

Định nghĩa:
Adj. appropriate; acceptable for something
Ví dụ:
  • The house is not really suitable for a large family
  • (suitable for somebody/something)
  • The house is not really suitable for a large family
  • (suitable for somebody/something)
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: acceptable, appropriate, appropriate to/for, proper, (OPP) unsuitable

sustained

Định nghĩa:
Adj. having the ability to continue for a long time