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Flashcards: GRE-GMAT Vocabulary List


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abate

Định nghĩa:
(of something unpleasant or severe) become less intense or widespread
Ví dụ:
  • waiting for the storm to [abate]
Ghi chú:
1) to decrease in force or intensity 2) to become defeated or become null or void (as of a writ or appeal) 3) to decrease in amount or value Synonyms: de-escalate, decline, decrease, die (away or down or out), diminish, drain (away), drop (off), dwindle,

abet

Định nghĩa:
encourage or assist (someone) to do something wrong, in particular to commit a crime
Ví dụ:
  • [abet] the commission of a crime
Ghi chú:
1) to actively second and encourage (something, such as an activity or plan) 2) to assist or support (someone) in the achievement of a purpose especially : to assist, encourage, instigate, or support with criminal intent in attempting or carrying out a crime —often used in the phrase aid and abet Synonyms: brew, ferment, foment, incite, instigate, pick, provoke, raise,

abeyance

Định nghĩa:
a state of suspension; a state of dormancy; a state of latency; pending; deferred; put off; postponed
Ghi chú:
1) a state of temporary inactivity : suspension —used chiefly in the phrase in abeyance 2) a lapse in succession during which there is no person in whom a title is vested Synonyms: cold storage, deep freeze, doldrums, dormancy, holding pattern, latency, moratorium, quiescence,

abhor

Định nghĩa:
regard with disgust and hatred
Ví dụ:
  • [abhorred] violence
Ghi chú:
1) to regard with extreme repugnance : to feel hatred or loathing for : loathe Synonyms: abominate, despise, detest, execrate, hate, loathe,

abject

Định nghĩa:
1. (of something bad) experienced or present to the maximum degree. 2. (of a person or their behavior) completely without pride or dignity; self-abasing
Ví dụ:
  • living in [abject] poverty
  • to lowest pitch of [abject] fortune thou art fallen
Ghi chú:
1) sunk to or existing in a low state or condition : very bad or severe 2) cast down in spirit : servile, spiritless 3) showing hopelessness or resignation Synonyms: base, humble, menial, servile, slavish,

abjure

Định nghĩa:
solemnly renounce (a belief, cause, or claim)
Ghi chú:
1) to renounce upon oath 2) to reject solemnly 3) to abstain from : avoid Synonyms: abnegate, forswear, recant, renege, renounce, repeal, repudiate, retract,

abound

Định nghĩa:
exist in large numbers or amounts
Ví dụ:
  • a business in which opportunities [abound]
  • errors and inconsistencies [abound]
Ghi chú:
1) to be present in large numbers or in great quantity : to be prevalent 2) to be copiously supplied —used with in or with Synonyms: brim, bristle, bulge, burst, bustle, buzz, crawl, hum,

abreast

Định nghĩa:
1. side by side and facing the same way. 2. alongside or level with something
Ví dụ:
  • columns of men five [abreast]
  • with seats two [abreast] on each side of the aisle
Ghi chú:
1) beside one another in line 2) up to a particular standard or level especially of knowledge of recent developments Synonyms: acquainted, au courant, conversant, familiar, informed, knowledgeable, up, up-to-date,

abstain

Định nghĩa:
1. restrain oneself from doing or enjoying something. 2. formally decline to vote either for or against a proposal or motion
Ví dụ:
  • [abstain] from drinking
Ghi chú:
1) to choose not to do or have something : to refrain deliberately and often with an effort of self-denial from an action or practice 2) to choose not to vote Synonyms: decline, refuse, reject, turn down, delay, halt, hesitate, stall,

abstract

Định nghĩa:
consider (something) theoretically or separately from something else; extract or remove (something); used euphemistically to say that stolen something; (abstract oneself) withdraw
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: conceptual, ideal, ideational, metaphysical, notional, theoretical,

accentuate

Định nghĩa:
make more noticeable or prominent
Ví dụ:
  • With her hair in tight curls that [accentuate] her pale beauty, she seems lit from within
  • trying to [accentuate] the positive aspects of the program
Ghi chú:
1) to make (something) more prominent or noticeable : accent, emphasize also : intensify Synonyms: accent, emphasize, feature, foreground, highlight, illuminate, play up, point (up),

accessible

Định nghĩa:
1. (of a place) able to be reached or entered. 2. (of a person, especially one in a position of authority) friendly and easy to talk to; approachable
Ví dụ:
  • a remote region [accessible] by rail
Ghi chú:
1) capable of being reached also : being within reach 2) easy to speak to or deal with 3) capable of being used or seen : available Synonyms: affordable, popular,

acclaim

Định nghĩa:
praise enthusiastically and publicly
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: accolade, applause, bay(s), credit, distinction, glory, homage, honor,

acolyte

Định nghĩa:
a person assisting a priest in a religious service or procession
Ví dụ:
  • a popular professor dining with a few of her [acolytes]
Ghi chú:
1) one who assists a member of the clergy in a liturgical service by performing minor duties 2) one who attends or assists a leader : follower Synonyms: adherent, convert, disciple, epigone, follower, liege man, partisan, pupil,

acquiesce

Định nghĩa:
accept something reluctantly but without protest
Ví dụ:
  • They demanded it, and he [acquiesced]
Ghi chú:
1) to accept, comply, or submit tacitly or passively —often used with in or to Synonyms: accede, agree, assent, come round, consent, subscribe,

acquisitive

Định nghĩa:
excessively interested in acquiring money or material things
Ví dụ:
  • our increasingly competitive and [acquisitive] [=[greedy]] society
Ghi chú:
1) strongly desirous of acquiring and possessing Synonyms: avaricious, avid, coveting, covetous, grabby, grasping, greedy, mercenary,

acrimonious

Định nghĩa:
(typically of speech or discussion) angry and bitter
Ví dụ:
  • an [acrimonious] dispute
Ghi chú:
1) angry and bitter : caustic, biting, or rancorous especially in feeling, language, or manner Synonyms: acrid, bitter, embittered, hard, rancorous, resentful, sore,

acumen

Định nghĩa:
the ability to make good judgments and take quick decisions
Ví dụ:
  • Her political [acumen] won her the election
  • a lack of business/financial [acumen]
Ghi chú:
1) keenness and depth of perception, discernment, or discrimination especially in practical matters Synonyms: astuteness, caginess, canniness, clear-sightedness, foxiness, hardheadedness, intelligence, keenness,

adept

Định nghĩa:
very skilled or proficient at something
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: accomplished, ace, compleat, complete, consummate, crack, crackerjack, educated,

admonish

Định nghĩa:
warn or reprimand someone firmly
Ghi chú:
1) to indicate duties or obligations to 2) to express warning or disapproval to especially in a gentle, earnest, or solicitous manner 3) to give friendly earnest advice or encouragement to Synonyms: chide, rebuke, reprimand, reproach, reprove, tick off,

adroit

Định nghĩa:
clever or skilful
Ví dụ:
  • an [adroit] leader
  • [adroit] maneuvers
Ghi chú:
1) having or showing skill, cleverness, or resourcefulness in handling situations Synonyms: artful, bravura, deft, delicate, dexterous, expert, masterful, masterly,

adulterate

Định nghĩa:
render (something) poorer in quality by adding another substance
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: adulterated, alloyed, contaminated, dilute, diluted, impure, polluted, tainted,

adverse

Định nghĩa:
preventing success or development; harmful; unfavourable
Ví dụ:
  • hindered by [adverse] winds
Ghi chú:
1) acting against or in a contrary direction : hostile 2) opposed to one's interests especially : unfavorable 3) causing harm : harmful Synonyms: counter, disadvantageous, hostile, inimical, negative, prejudicial, unfavorable, unfriendly,

advocate

Định nghĩa:
a person who publicly supports or recommends a particular cause or policy
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: advocator, apostle, backer, booster, champion, espouser, exponent, expounder,

aesthetic

Định nghĩa:
concerned with beauty or the appreciation of beauty
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: attractive, beauteous, beautiful, bonny, comely, cute, drop-dead, fair,

affect

Định nghĩa:
1. influence; have an effect. 2. pretend; fake; feign
Ghi chú:
Synonyms:

affectation

Định nghĩa:
behavior, speech, or writing that is pretentious and designed to impress
Ví dụ:
  • His French accent is just an [affectation]
Ghi chú:
1) speech or conduct not natural to oneself : an unnatural form of behavior meant especially to impress others 2) the act of taking on or displaying an attitude or mode of behavior not natural to oneself or not genuinely felt 3) a striving after Synonyms: affectedness, grandiosity, inflation, pretense, pretension, pretentiousness,

affinity

Định nghĩa:
a natural liking for and understanding of someone or something
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: affection, aptitude, bent, bias, bone, devices, disposition, genius,

afford

Định nghĩa:
1. have enough money. 2. provide or supply something
Ví dụ:
  • You can't [afford] to neglect your health
Ghi chú:
1) to manage to bear without serious detriment 2) to be able to bear the cost of 3) to make available, give forth, or provide naturally or inevitably Synonyms: go, swing,

affront

Định nghĩa:
an action or remark that causes outrage or offense; insult; offense; slight; snub; slur
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: barb, brickbat, cut, dart, dig, dis, epithet, gird,

aggrandize

Định nghĩa:
increase the power, status, or wealth of
Ví dụ:
  • [aggrandize] an estate
Ghi chú:
1) to make great or greater : increase, enlarge 2) to make appear great or greater : praise highly 3) to enhance the power, wealth, position, or reputation of Synonyms: canonize, deify, dignify, elevate, ennoble, enshrine, ensky, enthrone,

agitated

Định nghĩa:
feeling or appearing troubled or nervous; perturbed; flustered; unnerved; ruffled; rattled
Ví dụ:
  • When Caswall asked him to describe what he had seen …, he got very [agitated] …
  • was so [agitated] she could hardly speak
Ghi chú:
1) troubled in mind : disturbed and upset Synonyms: excited, feverish, frenzied, heated, hectic, hyperactive, overactive, overwrought,

alacrity

Định nghĩa:
brisk and cheerful readiness
Ví dụ:
  • accepted the invitation with [alacrity]
Ghi chú:
1) promptness in response : cheerful readiness Synonyms: amenability, gameness, goodwill, obligingness, willingness,

alienate

Định nghĩa:
make (someone) feel isolated or estranged
Ví dụ:
  • He [alienated] most of his colleagues with his bad temper
  • Her position on this issue has [alienated] many former supporters
Ghi chú:
1) to cause to be estranged : to make unfriendly, hostile, or indifferent especially where attachment formerly existed 2) to convey or transfer (something, such as property or a right) usually by a specific act rather than the due course of law 3) to cause to be withdrawn or diverted Synonyms: alien, disaffect, disgruntle, estrange, sour,

alleviate

Định nghĩa:
make (suffering, deficiency, or a problem) less severe
Ghi chú:
1) relieve, lessen: such as 2) to make (something, such as pain or suffering) more bearable 3) to partially remove or correct (something undesirable) Synonyms: allay, assuage, ease, help, mitigate, mollify, palliate, relieve,

allusive

Định nghĩa:
using or containing suggestion rather than explicit mention
Ví dụ:
  • Both men employ a densely [allusive] prose, richly embedded with the fruit of their reading, and both use language as a tool by which to explore and define themselves
  • —Michiko Kakutani
Ghi chú:
1) characterized by or containing allusion : making implied or indirect references Synonyms: alluding, referring, denotative, denoting, indicative, reflective, significant, signifying,

aloof

Định nghĩa:
not friendly or forthcoming; cool and distant
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: antisocial, asocial, buttoned-up, cold, cold-eyed, cool, detached, distant,

altruistic

Định nghĩa:
showing a disinterested and selfless concern for the well-being of others; unselfish
Ghi chú:
1) relating to or given to altruism: 2) having or showing an unselfish concern for the welfare of others 3) relating to or being behavior by an animal that is not beneficial to or may be harmful to the animal itself but that benefits others of its species Synonyms: beneficent, benevolent, charitable, do-good, eleemosynary, good, humanitarian, philanthropic,

amalgamate

Định nghĩa:
combine or unite to form one organization or structure
Ví dụ:
  • They decided to [amalgamate] [=(more commonly) [merge]] the two companies
  • [amalgamating] different styles of music
Ghi chú:
1) to unite in or as if in an amalgam especially : to merge into a single body Synonyms: blend, combine, comingle, commingle, commix, composite, concrete, conflate,

ambivalent

Định nghĩa:
having mixed feelings or contradictory ideas about something or someone
Ví dụ:
  • … people whose relationship to their job is [ambivalent], conflicted
  • Americans are deeply [ambivalent] about the country's foreign role
Ghi chú:
1) having or showing simultaneous and contradictory attitudes or feelings toward something or someone : characterized by ambivalence Synonyms: conflicted, equivocal,

ameliorate

Định nghĩa:
make (something bad or unsatisfactory) better
Ví dụ:
  • medicine to [ameliorate] the pain
Ghi chú:
1) to make better or more tolerable 2) to grow better Synonyms: amend, better, enhance, enrich, help, improve, meliorate, perfect,

amenable

Định nghĩa:
open and responsive to suggestion; easily persuaded or controlled
Ví dụ:
  • citizens [amenable] to the law
Ghi chú:
1) liable to be brought to account : answerable 2) capable of submission (as to judgment or test) : suited 3) readily brought to yield, submit, or cooperate Synonyms: disposed, fain, game, glad, inclined, minded, ready, willing,

amend

Định nghĩa:
1. make minor changes to (a text, piece of legislation, etc. ) in order to make it fairer or more accurate, or to reflect changing circumstances. 2. improve the texture or fertility of (soil)
Ví dụ:
  • The country's constitution was [amended] to allow women to vote
  • They voted to [amend] the law in 1920
Ghi chú:
1) to put right especially : to make emendations in (something, such as a text) 2) to change or modify (something) for the better : improve 3) to alter especially in phraseology Synonyms: ameliorate, better, enhance, enrich, help, improve, meliorate, perfect,

amicable

Định nghĩa:
characterized by friendliness and absence of discord
Ví dụ:
  • [amicable] relations/discussions
  • an [amicable] agreement
Ghi chú:
1) characterized by friendly goodwill : peaceable Synonyms: agreeable, compatible, congenial, frictionless, harmonious, kindred, unanimous, united,

amorphous

Định nghĩa:
without a clearly defined shape or form
Ví dụ:
  • an [amorphous] cloud mass
Ghi chú:
1) having no definite form : shapeless 2) being without definite character or nature : unclassifiable 3) lacking organization or unity Synonyms: formless, shapeless, unformed, unshaped, unstructured,

anachronistic

Định nghĩa:
belonging to a period other than that being portrayed
Ghi chú:
Synonyms: anachronous, antiquated, moldy, obsolete, rinky-dink, antique, oldfangled, old-fashioned,

analogous

Định nghĩa:
comparable in certain respects, typically in a way which makes clearer the nature of the things compared
Ví dụ:
  • Timbre in music is [analogous] to color in painting
  • An airplane's joystick is somewhat [analogous] to the reins on a horse
Ghi chú:
1) similar or comparable to something else either in general or in some specific detail : similar in a way that invites comparison : showing an analogy or a likeness that permits one to draw an analogy Synonyms: akin, alike, cognate, comparable, connate, correspondent, corresponding, ditto,

animosity

Định nghĩa:
strong hostility
Ví dụ:
  • There has always been [animosity] [=[hostility]] between them
  • [=they have always disliked each other]
Ghi chú:
1) a strong feeling of dislike or hatred : ill will or resentment tending toward active hostility : an antagonistic attitude Synonyms: animus, antagonism, antipathy, bad blood, bitterness, enmity, gall, grudge,

animus

Định nghĩa:
1. hostility or ill feeling. 2. motivation to do something
Ví dụ:
  • harbored an [animus] toward them
  • … the sixties mentality, with its strong [animus] against what it defines as "elitism" …
Ghi chú:
1) a usually prejudiced and often spiteful or malevolent ill will 2) basic attitude or governing spirit : disposition, intention 3) an inner masculine part of the female personality in the analytic psychology of C. G. Jung Synonyms: animosity, antagonism, antipathy, bad blood, bitterness, enmity, gall, grudge,

anoint

Định nghĩa:
1. smear or rub with oil, typically as part of a religious ceremony. 2. nominate or choose (someone) as successor to or leading candidate for a position
Ví dụ:
  • The priest [anointed] them (with oil)
Ghi chú:
1) to smear or rub with oil or an oily substance 2) to apply oil to as part of a religious ceremony 3) to choose by or as if by divine election also : to designate as if by a ritual anointment Synonyms: bedaub, besmear, daub, smear,